The EU’s fruit production area measured almost 1.3 million hectares in 2017, according to Eurostat data. The largest area was in Spain (422,800ha, 33%), followed by Italy (279,300ha, 22%) and Poland (167,300ha, 13%). Apples accounted for just over one third of the area (473,500ha, 37%), followed by oranges (255,500ha, 20%). Next came peaches (190,500ha, 15%), clementines and satsumas (139,600ha, 11%), pears (100,400ha, 8%), apricots (75,700ha, 6%) and lemons (60,100ha, 5%).
The EU’s fruit production area rose by 0.4% between 2012 and 2017. The largest expansion in this period took place in Poland (+11%), Greece (+6%), Romania (+6%) and Portugal (+7%). The most significant declines were in Czechia (-29%) and Croatia (-24%), while Spain (-2%) and Italy (-2%) also saw shrinkage. Poland has the largest apple production area, while Italy leads the way in pears and Spain in oranges, small citrus, peaches, apricots and lemons.