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EU grapefruit crop falls 11%

EU grapefruit crop falls 11%

The EU’s 2019/20 grapefruit crop is estimated to be down 11% to 96,000 tons, according to FAS Madrid. The main producer Spain expects its output to shrink by 15.5% to 68,100 tons. Ruby Red is the main grapefruit variety planted in Spain. Cyprus is the second largest grapefruit producer in the EU, with the main variety being White Marsh Seedless, mostly grown in the Limassol area.   

The EU is a net importer of grapefruits, with overseas production accounting for about 75% of the EU’s total grapefruit supply. In 2018/19, the EU’s imports dropped 13% to 324,603 tons, valued at US$285 million. China, South Africa, Turkey and Israel are the leading suppliers to the EU market.  Imports are predicted to rise in 2019/20 to offset the smaller EU crop.  

In 2018/19,  EU grapefruit exports fell 7% to 16,255 tons, worth $17 million. The main destinations are Switzerland, Ukraine, and Belarus. Despite an expected smaller EU crop in 2019/20, grapefruit exports are forecast to increase slightly, as indicated by the trend of the first six months of the marketing year.

 

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Bright summer in store for Californian grapes

Bright summer in store for Californian grapes © Eurofresh Distribution
© Eurofresh Distribution

 

California’s organic table grape harvest is expected to be decent this year, with steady volumes predicted throughout the season. With Mexico’s volume winding down quickly, organic production from the San Joaquin Valley is expected to begin by mid-July, resulting in promotable supplies of organic table grapes throughout the summer. Although it is not expected to a bumper year for Coachella grapes due to delays caused by weather issues, things are expected to pick up by July.  The unseasonably cool temperatures in March and April will lead to a longer and lighter season.  

Last year was very different, with huge volumes of both organic and conventional table grapes arriving from Mexico, especially in June, which caused very low prices for all table grapes. This has not been the case this year, with a strong end to the season expected.

On June 23, the National Specialty Crops Organic Summary noted that all three colours of organic table grapes from Coachella were in the $35 range for an 18-pound box.

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South Africa’s grapefruit crop grows 4%

South Africa’s grapefruit crop grows 4%

 

South Africa’s 2019/20 grapefruit output is estimated to be up 4% to 387,000 tons, according to CGA data. The good crop is due to normal weather conditions, an increase in area planted and improved yields. Also, grapefruit production is cyclical, and 2018/19 MY was a down year. Grapefruit is normally harvested between March and September, and the impact of COVID-19 on production, harvest and labour has been minimal to date.

South Africa’s grapefruit exports are projected to grow by 5% to 270,000 tons this campaign, due to the larger crop, normal fruit sizes and suitable colouring for export market. Citrus has seen a surge in demand due to the assumed benefits of Vitamin C in boosting immunity against COVID-19.  However, the impact of COVID-19 on consumer incomes, constraints on shipping lines and containers, and port restrictions remains a concern for South African exports. Europe is the largest market for South African grapefruit exports, accounting for 48% of total exports in 2019, followed by Asia (35%). Although South Africa has a free trade agreement with the European Union (EU) which allows duty-free access for its citrus exports, South Africa continues to face challenges due to Citrus Black Spot (CBS) and False Coddling Moth (FCM) in the EU market. Industry estimates that it is costing South Africa almost R1.8 Billion (US$97 Million) to address and comply with the CBS requirements in the EU market. Meanwhile, grapefruit exports to the US have been growing sharply in the past 5 years at an average of 65% per annum, from 76 tons in 2012/13 to 5,347 tons in 2018/19. Around 29% of the country’s total grapefruit output is used for processing. The volume destined for processing in 2019/20 is expected to increase by 3% to 110,000 tons, in line with the larger crop. 

 

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Global citrus crop shrinks

640px-Citrus_fruits

The 2019/20 global citrus crop is down for all categories, except grapefruit. Orange production is down 11% to 47.5 million, due to weather-afflicted seasons in Brazil, the EU, Morocco and Egypt, with small increases in China and the US unable to compensate for these losses. The global mandarin crop is down 1% to 31.7 million tons, with drops in all major production regions, especially Turkey (-9%) except China.  The world’s lemon crop is estimated to be down 7% to 7.9 million tons, with Argentina (-11%), the EU (-13%), Turkey (-9%) and the US (16%) all suffering challenging seasons due to weather events. Mexico’s and South Africa’s lemon and lime production are both expected to be up. Lastly, grapefruit was the one citrus category that registered a larger crop in the 2019-20 campaign, with larger harvests in China, South Africa, Turkey and the US more than offsetting the 18% fall in the EU’s crop.

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World’s grapefruit production climbs 4% and sets new record

South Africa’s grapefruit crop grows 4%

The world’s 2018/19 grapefruit crop is projected up 4% to a record 7 million tons, thanks to an improvement in the US crop and a bumper Chinese harvest benefitting from favourable weather and an expanded area. The world’s consumption is up 3% while exports are up 8%, thanks to the higher available supplies, according to USDA data.

Taking each country in turn, China’s grapefruit output is expected to be up 2% to a record 4.9 million tons, which will lead to record consumption and export volumes. After a disastrous weather-ravaged 2017/18 campaign, US production is projected to be 29% higher, reaching 606,000 tons. South African production is expected to increase 7% to a record 450,000 tons, while Mexican production is forecast unchanged at 445,000 tons. Turkey expects to record a record 270,000 tons of production. Although consumption is down due to weak consumer demand for the fruit, exports are expected to reach a record 200,000 tons.

Production in the EU is estimated up 4% to 112,000 tons due to a rise in area.  Consumption and export volumes are flat, while imports are expected to drop slightly due to the increase in supply.

Source: USDA

 

 

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USDA eases minimum grapefruit sizes

The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has announced the adoption of an interim rule change that will relax the minimum size requirements of grapefruit. The new ruling, which came into force on April 24th, prescribes that minimum sizes of imported and domestically produced grapefruit will change from 3 5⁄16 inches to 3 inches in diameter. This reduction in size requirement is a response to increased market demand for small-sized grapefruit and an effort to support smaller producers, particularly those dealing with the devastation wreaked by Hurricane Irma by reducing fruit loss. This ruling will affect approximately 500 Florida citrus producers and around 50 citrus importers. Most grapefruit imported to the US comes from South Africa, Peru and Mexico, with 24,000 tons arriving in 2016.

 

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Return to normal lemon harvest in Spain

Ailimpo said the Spanish lemon campaign is underway but with small volumes so far because of Southern Hemisphere stocks remain. It will pick up to full pace in October, when fresh lemons from Spain replace the older Southern Hemisphere fruit.

Spain is in line for a 2016/17 lemon harvest of 980,000 tons, up 22% on last season, according to the latest forecast by Ailimpo, the Spanish interprofessional association for lemons and grapefruit.

It estimates the grapefruit crop will come in at 67,000 tons, down 6% on 2015/16.

In a press release, the Murcia-based association said the figures represent a return to normal in the case of lemons and stability regarding grapefruit. It said they also mean Spain will continue its market leadership in Europe.

Spanish lemon, grapefruit harvest progress

Ailimpo said the Spanish lemon campaign is underway but with small volumes so far because of Southern Hemisphere stocks remain. It will pick up to full pace in October, when fresh lemons from Spain replace the older Southern Hemisphere fruit.

The grapefruit harvest will largely begin in the second half of October. Ailimpo also said it expects a drop in imports from Florida and Israel in Europe this season..

Its next harvest estimates are due to be released on January 26.

 

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US exporting more organic cherry tomatoes, grapefruit

biggest growth us exports organic

The top organic fruit and vegetable exports by the US so far this year are apples, lettuce, grapes, spinach and strawberries, according to data updated today by the USDA.

These are the products that lead in value for the ten months to this October, though the totals for apples and lettuce are down 22% and 11% respectively on the same period last year. In terms of the biggest growth relative to last year, cherry tomatoes, grapefruit, cauliflower, other tomatoes and celery are the top five items.

Organic item exported by US

Value in Thousands of US$

% Change in Value Jan-Oct 2014 compared to Jan-Oct 2013

Apples Fresh

91,856

-22

Lettuce Not Head Fr/Ch

62,564

-11

Grapes Fresh

42,831

2

Spinach Fr/Ch

31,349

14

Strawberries Fresh

27,966

11

Carrots Fr/Ch

22,470

10

Cauliflower Fr/Ch

21,681

56

Cult Blueberries Fresh

16,968

16

Pears Fresh

15,787

-7

Broccoli Fr/Ch

13,267

-2

(Fr/Ch = fresh or chilled)

 

 

US organic export

Unit of measurement

Volume Jan-Oct 2014

% Change in Vol Jan-Oct 2014 on Jan-Oct 2013

Apples Fresh

42LBC

3,656,652.90

-21

Potatoes Fr/Ch Xsd Oth

CWT

68,434.00

-29

Cauliflower Fr/Ch

MT

22,249.80

61

Lettuce Not Head Fr/Ch

MT

21,681.90

-15

Grapes Fresh

MT

19,111.30

2

Carrots Fr/Ch

MT

16,744.80

8

Onion Sets Fr/Ch

MT

14,900.30

19

Pears Fresh

MT

13,828.40

1

Celery Fr/Ch

MT

10,707.00

100

Broccoli Fr/Ch

MT

10,159.50

-9

(Fr/Ch = fresh or chilled)