Posted on

Mexico set for 4% rise in avocado exports

Mexico’s Hass avocado production is forecast to rise to 1.8 million tons and its exports to total over 1.0 million tons in 2016/17.

Traders anticipate Mexico’s avocado exports in the 2016/17 marketing year will rise about 4% on the previous year to over 1 million tons.

This is attributed to expectations of continuing good international demand for Mexican Hass avocados and the fact the depreciation of the peso against the dollar is helping international sales in general.

The US is Mexico’s top export market, consuming 77-79% of its all its avocado exports. Japan and Canada are strategic market niches for Mexico, taking about a 9% and 6% share respectively.

According to a USDA Gain report, market intelligence suggests Mexico is set to produce 1.8 million tons of Hass avocados in the 2016/17 marketing year (July/June). With official estimates placing the 2015/16 production at 1.64 million tons, that would represent an increase of about 9.7%. The 2014/15 volume was estimated at 1.52 million tons.

The planted for avocados in Mexico for 2016/17 is forecast at 203,732 ha, an 8.7% increase over 2015/16 area planted.

Most states grow Hass but other avocado varieties planted in Mexico, at smaller scales, are Fuerte, Criollo, Bacon, Pinkerton, Gwen and Reed.

Michoacán is Mexico’s leader in avocado production, accounting for 80% of total Mexican avocado production.

“The Mexican Avocado Association of Producers and Export Packers (APEAM – Asociación de Productores y Empacadores Exportadores de Aguacate de México) has started working with producers in Michoacán to invest in technological improvements to ensure that avocados are free of pests and chemical or biological residues.

“This investment continues to improve the quality of the fruit,” the report says.

Source: Mexico Avocado Annual, GAIN Report MX6040, December 1, 2016

 

Posted on

Higher potato production for China in 2016/17

In 2016/17, China’s fresh potato exports are forecast at 400,000 tons, up slightly on 2015/16’s 381,424 tons. Malaysia, Vietnam, and Russia are its top 3 export markets, accounting for over 65% of its total fresh potato exports in 2015/16.

China’s MY2016/17 fresh potato production is forecast to rise 3% to 100 million tons due to an expanded potato acreage and normal weather conditions in major producing areas, says the USDA in a new GAIN report.

The majority of China’s fresh potatoes are used for table consumption. Industry members estimate 60% of Chinese potatoes are consumed fresh in households and restaurants, while about 15% are used by the processing sector and about 10% for seed potatoes. Losses in storage account for as high as 15%.

The share of processing potatoes is expected to grow in the long term in China with increased development of potato products.

China’s top 3 potato export markets: Malaysia, Vietnam, Russia

China does not allow market access for fresh potato imports from any suppliers due to sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) concerns. However, US government agencies are working with their Chinese counterparts to gain market access for US fresh potatoes for processing to China.

China’s exports of fresh potatoes have held steady at 300,000-450,000 tons annually since 2010/11, a negligible amount considering China annual production of about 100 million tons, the report says.

In 2016/17, China’s fresh potato exports are forecast at 400,000 tons, up slightly on 2015/16’s 381,424 tons. Malaysia, Vietnam and Russia are its top 3 export markets, accounting for over 65% of its total fresh potato exports in 2015/16.

Rising demand, production of frozen french fries (FFF)

China’s 2016/17 production of frozen french fries is forecast to rise 9% to 230,000 tons, driven by increasing domestic demand from quick serve restaurants and convenience stores.

China’s FFF imports for 2016/17 at expected to total about 160,000 tons, up 5% on the back of greater domestic demand. The US continues to dominate China’s FFF import market.

 

Source: China: Potatoes and Potato Products Annual, GAIN report CH16051 9/26/2016

 

Posted on

South Africa’s 2015/16 citrus outlook

South Africa’s citrus production will remain flat at 2.63 million tons in 2015/16 MY, predicts the latest USDA GAIN South Africa Citrus Supply and Demand report.

South Africa’s citrus production will remain flat at 2.63 million tons in 2015/16 MY, predicts the latest USDA GAIN South Africa Citrus Supply and Demand report.

Increased planted area is behind an expected increase in production of grapefruit, lemons and soft citrus, growth offset in the overall citrus figures by a smaller orange crop due to a decrease in area planted and the impact of hail damage in Hoedspruit, Limpopo, the report says.

Citrus Black Spot

South Africa still faces challenges in the EU due to that market’s stringent Citrus Black Spot (CBS) requirements. Also causing concern has been drought due to the El Nino in the Kwa-Zulu Natal, Limpopo and Northern Cape, though its impact on citrus production was estimated as minimal (at time of the report) due to the availability of irrigation water. Concerns remained, however, that it would result in smaller fruit sizes.

2015/16 marketing year forecasts for South African citrus from USDA post

Grapefruit
Production to increase marginally by 1% to 405,000 tons in the 2015/16 MY, based on the increase in area planted. Star Ruby is the most planted grapefruit variety due to its high global demand.
Exports will also increase marginally by 1% to 224,000 tons based on the increase in production and the weak rand exchange rate.

Oranges
Production to decrease marginally by 1% to 1.69 billion tons based on the impact of hail which affected the Hoedspruit, Limpopo producing region. Producers prefer Valencia oranges over Navels as Valencias have a longer shelf life and produce more yields than Navels.    
Orange exports of oranges to decline 4% to 1.15 billion tons based on the lower production and uncertainty over exports to the EU due to ongoing CBS challenges.

Mandarins/tangerines (includes clementines & satsumas)
Production to rise 3% to 205,000 tons thanks to increased planted area. Nardocott is one of the most popular soft citrus cultivars in South Africa. Industry statistics indicate that some growers have started planting the Tango cultivar, which is seedless and is still waiting to be granted its Plant Breeders Rights.
Exports of tangerines/mandarins to rise 3% to 162,000 tons, based on increased production, growing market opportunities in the Middle East and Asia, and weakening of the rand exchange rate.

Lemons & limes
Production to stay flat at 331,000 tons based on area planted and normal weather conditions.
Exports to also remain flat at 244,000 tons, based on the available production. However, mainly due to growth in the Asian and Middle East markets, and the weakening rand exchange rate, South Africa’s lemon/lime exports have risen from 219,617 tons in 2013/14.

Distribution of Citrus Production by Area

Source: USDA GAIN report: South Africa Citrus Supply and Demand Report published December 10, 2015

Aerial view of the Limpopo River: By TSGT CARY HUMPHRIES [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Posted on

Morocco’s citrus exports on the rise

The USDA post in Morocco forecasts a 5% upturn on the previous year for the country’s orange production for a total of 918,120 tons from a planted area of about 55,804 ha. It anticipates orange exports of about 135,000 tons.

Rejuvenation of citrus orchards, improved irrigation, and increases in harvested areas are big factors in expected increases in Morocco’s citrus output and exports for the 2015/16 marketing year.

And the country’s citrus exports are also set to rise, mostly due to high demand in Russia market, as tensions mount between Moscow and Ankara, the USDA says in its 2015 Morocco Citrus Annual Report.

“The Moroccan citrus industry is planning to continue its strong focus on the Russian market this season, but warns coordination will be needed to avoid poor prices,” the report says.

The USDA post in Morocco forecasts a 5% upturn on the previous year for the country’s orange production for a total of 918,120 tons from a planted area of about 55,804 ha. It anticipates orange exports of about 135,000 tons.

Tangerine/mandarin exports are in line for a 10% boost to about 380,800 tons on the back of a 5% production increase to 1,055,241 tons from 62,181 ha.

Exports of lemons and limes should come in at about 7,200 tons. Morocco’s lemon and lime production is forecast to expand 8% to 35,500 tons on a planted area of 3,750 ha.

Source: USDA GAIN 2015 Morocco Citrus Annual Report

Image of box of Maroc brand clementines sold in Canada: “يوسفي مغربي” by عمرو بن كلثوم – Own work. Licensed under LGPL via Commons