With New Zealand’s kiwi harvest due to start soon, and run from early February to early April, a good crop is expected, according to the NZ Kiwiberry Grower Association. Thanks to favourable growing conditions, a good sized and good quality crop is anticipated. Export volume for this season is estimated at 240,000 kg, similar to the last campaign. The fruit is exported worldwide and enjoys great appreciation on the global stage. The main varieties grown in New Zealand are Tahi, Marju Red and Takaka.
© Emilio Morenatti, AccuWeather
Spanish producers are counting the cost of a deadly weather front that struck last week. Storm Gloria is reported to have wreaked the worst damage on citrus and vegetable production along the country’s eastern coast between Barcelona and Murcia, with losses estimated to run to €46 million.
Winds reaching over 110km per hour left a lot of fruit on the ground. Valencian agricultural association Ava-Asaja reported many farms still being under water days later, raising fears about the prospects for the second half of the campaign if conditions persist. Some flooded fields are expected to see whole crops wiped out. In recently planted potato and onions fields, farmers will be forced to replant. In terms of vegetables, cauliflower, broccoli, artichokes and lettuce are among the worst affected crops.
One benefit of the heavy rains is that the region’s reservoirs have been replenished, easing water restrictions. The Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food said in a statement on Wednesday that all production losses from Gloria would be covered by the National Agrarian Insurance Plan. This includes losses to next year’s harvest resulting from damage to farms.
The European Commission has published a report outlining its forecast for the region’s fruit and vegetable sector. While apple production area is expected to decrease, volumes are estimated to rise slightly in 2030 to 12 million tons (from 11.3 million tons in 2019) thanks to increasing yields. As for peaches and nectarines, increasing competition is predicted from other summer fruits, leading to a further fall in consumption. EU production is expected to remain stable at 4 million tons in 2030 (compared to 4.1 million tons in 2019). Similarly, orange (6.2 million tons) and tomato (7 million tons) production is expected to remain stable over the ten-year period. However, demand will increasingly shift from concentrates to fresh orange juice, while demand for processed tomatoes is projected to rise.
Turkey’s 2016 fruit crop is expected to be up 6.4% on last year, to 18.9 million tons, and its vegetable crop up 1.7% to 30.1 million tons, according to figures from the Turkish Statistical Institute.
Among the fruits set for increased volumes relative to 2015 are:
- Apples +12.3%
- Mandarins +12%
- Cherries +11.8%
- Grapes +9.6%
- Apricots +7.4%
- Peaches +3.8%
While fruits where the volume is expected to decrease include:
- Persimmons -0.8%
- Grapefruit -0.7%
source: Turkish Statistical Institute
In terms of vegetables, production is expected to increase in the following subgroups:
- Root and tuberous vegetables +5.9%
- Other vegetables not elsewhere classified +2.6%
- Vegetables cultivated for their fruits +1.2%
Among the particular vegetable types set for higher volumes compared to 2015 are:
- Dry onion +10.5%
- Melon +7.9%
- Peppers for processing +7.7%
- Eggplant +5.3%
The following decreases are also expected:
- Carrots -3.3%
- Watermelon -0.9%
Image: Locally grown fruits for sale in a market in the farming district of Obaköy, outside Alanya. By NobbiP – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5161462
More than 300 representatives of the international apple and pear sector met at the 39th Prognosfruit Conference on 6th August 2015 in Merano, Italy, where WAPA (World Apple and Pear Association) released the 2015 European apple and pear crop estimates.
The 2015 apple production in the EU will decrease 5% compared with last year’s crop.
The pear crop is predicted by European growers to decrease by 4% compared with 2014. Additionally, the 2015 crop promises to be of good quality given the generally favourable climatic conditions and overall fruit size.
Despite concerns about the difficult conditions at the start of last season, through strong promotional activities, European countries sold their entire crops earlier than planned. However, the Russian embargo, together with the relatively large crop, resulted in an average reduction of 20% in returns to growers, many of whom suffered losses. This occurred despite the support measures made available by the EU which resulted in approximately 250,000 tons of apples and pears being given for free for distribution and the benefit of a considerably lower € to $ exchange rate which helped to increase exports.
Hans van Es, Chairman of the Fruit and Vegetable Committee of Copa-Cogeca, said: “The European apple crop last year was 15% higher than 2013, whilst pears were 5% greater. The industry had to content with the ban imposed by Russia, but despite these two factors, the industry sold the entire crops earlier than expected. The on-going support from the European Commission to alleviate the effects of the Russian embargo is greatly appreciated by the industry. However, the reduction in returns to growers is a considerable concern which unless corrected during the coming season will have an adverse impact on future investment and production.”
The 2015 European crop forecast for apples is 11.974.000 tons, 5% lower than last year. It should be noted that this volume is 7% higher than the average for the last three years. The estimates for varieties are as follows:
- Golden Delicious will decrease by 5% to 2.54 million tons
- Gala will remain stable at 1.33 million tons
- Idared is forecast to decrease by 7% to 1.11 million tons
- Red Delicious will increase by 5% to 644,000 tons
Significant changes in other Northern Hemisphere countries are: Russia (+4%), China (+7,5%) and Ukraine (+16%), while production is set to drop in the US (-4%), Switzerland (-4%) and Canada (-26%).
The total forecast pear crop in 2015 is 2.34 million tons, 4% lower than last year. However, this is 6% higher than the average crop of the last three years.
- Conference will decrease by 4% to 934,000 tons,
- Abate Fetel by 7% to 334,000 tons, and
- William BC by 5% to 262,000 tons.
Elsewhere in the Northern Hemisphere crops have either increased compared to last year, as in US (+1%), China (+7,5), Turkey (+36%), Russia (+4%) and Ukraine (+7%); or decreased, as in Switzerland (-11%).
WAPA President Daniel Sauvaitre said: “The prospects for the coming season are better than a year ago. The European crop is slightly lower, European stocks are negligible, there are unlikely to be overhanging stocks from the Southern Hemisphere and considerable progress has been made in developing exports overseas. However, a great concern is the damaging reduction in returns to growers. Most countries have reported increases in consumption which is a very positive trend for the industry and growers deserve to be congratulated on ever improving product quality and the beneficial effects of strong promotional activity.”
WAPA will continue to monitor the development of the Northern Hemisphere crop and issue updates as necessary
Based in Brussels, WAPA was founded in August 2001 with the objectives of providing a forum for discussion on matters of interest to the apple and pear business and initiating recommendations to strengthen the sector. WAPA members include the Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Scandinavia, Slovenia, South Africa, the UK and the US.
source: WAPA (WORLD APPLE AND PEAR ASSOCIATION) PRESS RELEASE