With New Zealand’s kiwi harvest due to start soon, and run from early February to early April, a good crop is expected, according to the NZ Kiwiberry Grower Association. Thanks to favourable growing conditions, a good sized and good quality crop is anticipated. Export volume for this season is estimated at 240,000 kg, similar to the last campaign. The fruit is exported worldwide and enjoys great appreciation on the global stage. The main varieties grown in New Zealand are Tahi, Marju Red and Takaka.
The European Commission has published a report outlining its forecast for the region’s fruit and vegetable sector. While apple production area is expected to decrease, volumes are estimated to rise slightly in 2030 to 12 million tons (from 11.3 million tons in 2019) thanks to increasing yields. As for peaches and nectarines, increasing competition is predicted from other summer fruits, leading to a further fall in consumption. EU production is expected to remain stable at 4 million tons in 2030 (compared to 4.1 million tons in 2019). Similarly, orange (6.2 million tons) and tomato (7 million tons) production is expected to remain stable over the ten-year period. However, demand will increasingly shift from concentrates to fresh orange juice, while demand for processed tomatoes is projected to rise.
Morocco’s 2019 melon crop is expected to be large and with good quality, despite a slight dip in surface area in Dakhla and late plantations, according to Medfel data. The harvest in this region is from late February to late April. Meanwhile, in Marrakech, the surfaces are stable but the proportion of crops grown in greenhouses is increasing at the expense of full field. Unlike last year, no delays are expected, with the first greenhouse crops around March 20th.
Planting in greenhouses took place in December, and exceptionally sunny and hot conditions continued up to March 25, when hail damage struck at the start of harvest. In the open field, planting took place in the first half of January, during a rather cold week. Very favourable growing conditions persisted until March 25, when heavy rains struck. Medium loads and large calibre have been obtained. The early harvest of Charentais yellow began on April 10, and the harvesting of Charentais green got underway on April 15-20.
EU consumption of fresh tomatoes is set to remain stable or slightly decrease, with a steady net importing situation, according to the European Commission’s EU Agricultural Outlook.
But the market for fresh tomatoes is marked by strong segmentation into a large number of types of tomatoes with higher value added (in particular different miniature types, cherry and cocktail tomatoes), the report says.
And the “stagnating production trend in quantity coincides therefore with an increasing trend in value.”
According to Euromonitor data on retail sales, the volume of tomatoes sold by retailers in France, Germany, Italy and Spain rose 1% from 2006 to 2015 but by 18% in value.
EU apple production is likely to increase in the future, particularly in Poland, while consumption of fresh apples per capita keeps on decreasing.
That is among the predictions in the European Commission’s EU Agricultural Outlook for 2016-2026.
The report says efforts are being made to limit the decreasing consumption of apples, such as promotion campaigns and the EU school fruit scheme.
“This implies that both net exports and use of apples for processing industries are expected to grow steadily in the coming decade following their current trends.
“Imports of fresh apples decreased in the last 10 years and are not expected to recover, while exports, affected by the Russian ban since 2014, are striving to find new outlets on the world market and should continue to do so,” it also says.
Spain’s raspberry crop is expected to be 13.1% higher this year, relative to 2015, reaching 19,000 tons, while that of strawberries is set to rise 7.9% to 342,700 tons.
The latest – and very preliminary – estimates for Spain’s 2016 fruit and vegetable harvest from the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and the Environment (Magrama) – as at the end of April – also show that the total of tomatoes harvested Jan 1-May 31 is forecast to be up 3.9%, to more than 1.08 million tons, despite a 1.9% reduction in planted area.
source: Magrama: Avances Superficies y producciones de cultivos, April 2016
In the potato category, the very early crop is poised for a slight (1.6%) rise, to 105,700 tons, while the earlies crop slips 1%, to 415,300 tons, with similar variations in their relative planted areas.
As for onions, the babosa should rally 14.6% on last year, to 212,100 tons, according to the first estimates, and when it comes to mushrooms, the champignon (white button) crop is in line to come in 9% higher, at 132,700 tons, but the total for other mushrooms is tipped to decline by 3.5%, to 15,100 tons. The asparagus crop is forecast to grow by 8.6%, to 57,500 tons, and that of eggplant 5.3% to 259,700 tons.
Pear production up slightly on back of record crop in China
The Russian ban will dampen global pear trade in 2014/15, a year in which production is set to rise a modest 5% to more than 24.4 million tons. Total world pear imports are forecast to reach just under 1.47 million tons, the lowest level for the last five years and down 7.3% on 2013/14.
However Argentina – which should return to its position of number one pear exporter – is set for a good season, according to USDA projections. Its exports are forecast to grow 13% on 2013/14 to 430,000 tons, as greater supplies and the Russian ban enable it to expand its market share to Russia, one of its top markets. Favourable weather suggests Argentina’s production will rebound 20% to 820,000 tons, the USDA said in a report published in December.
Russia will remain the top importer, but with a likely 30% plunge to 275,000 tons due to the ban, which primarily affects the EU, and to a lesser extent the US. “Imports from other countries, such as Argentina and South Africa, are expected to only partially offset these losses,” the USDA said. Russian pear production is expected to rise 6% to 153,000 tons thanks to good weather.
Read more on page 99 of edition 135 of Eurofresh Distribution magazine.
Global apple crop will also contract this year – to just under 71 million tons – despite bumper season in the EU, USDA projections show
Global trade in fresh apples is set to drop more than 5% in 2014/15, mainly due to Russia’s ban on fruit from certain countries, says the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). Indeed, Russian imports will likely plunge 27% on the previous marketing year, to 800,000 tons, the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Services forecasts in its “Fresh Deciduous Fruit (Apples, Grapes, & Pears): World Markets and Trade” report.
Imports from other countries are not expected to replace these volumes due in part to the devaluation of the rouble, a slumping economy, and rising inflation in Russia, it said. EU apple imports are headed downwards, too. The USDA predicts a drop of 12% on last season, to 550,000 tons, “as increased output and the effect of the Russian ban saturate the domestic market.” And apple imports into the US are also predicted to slide, in this case by 11% to 190,000 tons.
Growth in Mexico, Canada, India, Brazil and China
But on the positive side, growth on 2013/14’s imports is expected in Mexico, Canada and India, with respective volumes of 260,000, 225,000 and 200,000 tons. The USDA data also shows Brazil’s apple imports (for which Argentina and Chile are usually the main suppliers) had a growth spurt from 94,000 tons in 2012/13 to 117,000 the next year and are expected to surge to 150,000 this marketing year as production in Brazil stays at about 1.33 million tons. And in China, apple imports are set to rebound to earlier levels – about 40,000 tons – thanks to higher domestic prices making imports more attractive and the re-opening of the market to Washington state apples.
Read more on page 93 of edition 135 of Eurofresh Distribution magazine.
Worldwide consumption of fresh table grapes has grown nearly 30% in last 5 years
Despite Chinese imports jumping up 20% and US imports rising a more sedate 9%, world table grape imports should remain at just over 2.4 million tons in 2014/15. The small increase on last year’s global imports – less than 1% – will come as table grape production creeps up 2% to 20.6 million tons, according to USDA forecasting. Smaller crops in Turkey and the EU will be more than offset by an 11% gain to 9 million tons in China, where the grape area continues to expand, the USDA said.
Slip expected in US grape exports
Greater availability from top supplier Chile is linked to the projected rise in imports to 565,000 tons in the US, where table grape production is likely to drop 6% to 950,000 tons due to drought in California and hail. Due to flat demand in its top markets Canada and Mexico, exports from the US are headed down 4% to 400,000 tons, the USDA calculates. The EU’s imports are tipped to slide 5% to 540,000 tons and its exports, due in part to the Russian ban, to erode 15% to 130,000 tons. Production in the EU is expected to drop 16% to 1.6 million tons “as area continues to decline due to reduced profitability,” the USDA said. Imports by Russia are expected to ebb only slightly – 1.5% – to 385,000 tons as grapes from other suppliers largely offset those from banned countries. Russia’s grape crop should increase a tenth, to 81,000 tons.
Ongoing growth in Chinese grape imports, world consumption
Enduring strong demand for counter seasonal grapes lies behind China’s likely increase from 231,000 tons of table grape imports in 2013/14 to 280,000 this marketing year. That would mean the country’s grape imports have swollen nearly 260% since 2009/10, when it bought 78,000 tons of foreign grapes. The import tariff for Peru, currently China’s second biggest supplier, dropped to zero on January 1, the USDA noted. While the vast majority of Chinese-grown grapes will be consumed domestically, China’s exports are nevertheless also in line to increase, by 15% to 120,000 tons. After 2013/14’s frost, production in Chile is poised to rebound 14% to 1.2 million tons. The consequent rise of nearly 15% in Chilean exports, to 825,000 tons, is the main factor in an expected 3% increase in global exports this year. Peru’s production is forecast to increase again, by 8% to 540,000 tons as the industry continues to expand its overseas presence. Exports are forecast to increase 9% to 290,000 tons as shipments to all markets continue to expand. Hail and frost in the spring then heavy rains during bloom mean Turkey’s production will be cut 13%, to 1.9 million tons. The lower output and resulting price hikes will in turn provoke a 17% fall in its exports, to 170,000 tons, the USDA estimates. Global consumption of fresh table grapes is set to grow for the 5th consecutive year, going from just over 15.6 million tons in 2009/10 to nearly 20.2 million tons this year, which amounts to a gain of nearly 30%.
Source: “Fresh Deciduous Fruit (Apples, Grapes, & Pears): World Markets and Trade” December 2014, USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.
From edition 135 of Eurofresh Distribution magazine.
Italy’s orange crop should be up 4% on last season but there’ll be a lack of big size fruit, says the USDA’s Global Agriculture Information Network (GAIN) in a new report. Fruit quality is expected to be good, despite unfavorable weather, though there’ll be more small size oranges in the 2013/14 (November-October) marketing year, it said.
Orange consumption is likely to remain flat in Italy, where most oranges are consumed fresh, principally the blood varieties (Tarocco, Moro, and Sanguinello), GAIN said. In 2012/13, Italy imported 223,566 tons of oranges (mainly from Spain) and exported 126,083 tons (mainly to Germany).
Little change is expected in Italy’s tangerine, lemon, and grapefruit crops. Its tangerine production is more than 80% seedless clementines (mainly Comune or Oroval and Monreal) and the rest mandarins (mainly Avana and Tardivo di Ciaculli varieties), with very slight reductions in production but satisfactory quality forecast for both.
GAIN said Italy’s lemon-producing area (concentrated in Sicily) is gradually shrinking due to reduced profitability and consumption will probably slip 6% on last season.