The US 2019/20 citrus crop is projected to be down 4% to 7.63 million tons from the previous season. Declines in overall production can mostly be attributed to smaller lemon, tangerine, and mandarin crops in California, according to the USDA. Orange production in California has remained stable since last season. Citrus production in Florida has also remained stable, with just a 1% decline in orange production, and significant increases in grapefruit, tangerine, mandarin, and tangelo production over last year. Overall decreases in production of lemons, tangerines, mandarins, and tangelos are expected to result in increased imports, and higher prices compared with last year.
The 2019/20 global citrus crop is down for all categories, except grapefruit. Orange production is down 11% to 47.5 million, due to weather-afflicted seasons in Brazil, the EU, Morocco and Egypt, with small increases in China and the US unable to compensate for these losses. The global mandarin crop is down 1% to 31.7 million tons, with drops in all major production regions, especially Turkey (-9%) except China. The world’s lemon crop is estimated to be down 7% to 7.9 million tons, with Argentina (-11%), the EU (-13%), Turkey (-9%) and the US (16%) all suffering challenging seasons due to weather events. Mexico’s and South Africa’s lemon and lime production are both expected to be up. Lastly, grapefruit was the one citrus category that registered a larger crop in the 2019-20 campaign, with larger harvests in China, South Africa, Turkey and the US more than offsetting the 18% fall in the EU’s crop.
CSO Italy has announced a 34% drop in Italy’s 2019/20 pear crop. The total harvest is expect to reach 511,000 tons. The fall is spread across all of the main varieties, especially for Conference, Abate and Kaiser, less so for William B.C., Santa Maria and Max Red Bartlett.
The contraction in production has been attributed to several factors. Besides problems in the flowering and setting phase, bugs have attacked some crops. Moreover, there has been a decrease in production areas, with the key Emilia Romagna region’s surface falling 3%. This decline in surface areas shows no sign of abating for traditional varieties.