Peru has authorised imports of Spanish citrus and persimmon, providing a welcome boost for Spanish producers. Peru’s Ministry of Agrarian Development and Irrigation (Midagri) authorised imports of fresh mandarins, oranges and persimmon that have been subjected to cold treatment. Spain’s Agriculture Ministry said the move opens the door for exports of other products to Peru and other regional markets. Midagri said exports will be able to start once cold treatment processes have been verified.
South Africa’s orange exports are forecast to be up by 2% to 1.32 million tons in the 2020/21 MY, from 1.29 million tons in the 2019/20 MY, according to USDA data. The increase is attributed to a combination of a larger production area and the continued impact of COVID-19. The EU remains South Africa’s largest export market for oranges, accounting for 38% of the total. However, exports to Asia and the Middle East have grown steadily over the years due to the industry’s focus on growing these markets. Exports to the US are expected to continue based on the duty free access under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). However, a gradual shift from oranges to soft citrus exports is expected over time, as South African farmers supplying the US market have been re-planting their orchards from oranges to soft citrus in response to market preferences and the higher premium received in the US market. Exports to the United States decreased in 2019, due to the shift from oranges to soft citrus and small fruit sizes.
Egypt’s orange exports reached 1.398 million tons up to October 14, according to data released by the country’s Central Administration for Agricultural Quarantine. This places Egypt as the world’s top exporter of oranges for the second consecutive year. According to the report, The Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation also played a role in opening new markets for Egypt’s agricultural products by tracking the cultivation and packaging processes to ensure they meet safety criteria. In addition, no products are allowed out of the country unless they are up to standard. Last season, Egypt exported 1.68 million tons of oranges, 70,000 tons of lemon, 35,000 tons of mandarin, and 15,000 tons of grapefruit, according to Finance Brokerage.
Chile’s first avocado campaign exporting to Australia has already seen almost 150 tons of Hass shipped across the Pacific. On August 4th, Chile became only the second country, after New Zealand, to be authorised to export fresh Hass avocados to the Australian market. Data published by ASOEX (Association of Fruit Exporters), Chile has sent 148 tons of Hass avocados to Australia since Chile’s export season began on September 1st. Australians are among the world’s largest consumers of avocado, consuming 3.8 kilos per capita each year.
Since September 1st, Chile has exported 25,967 tons of Hass avocados to the world. Europe is the main market, accounting for 81.3% of the volume, followed by Latin America (9.7%), Asia (5.7%), and the US (3.4%).
For the first time, France became the largest export market for Ukrainian fruit, berries and nuts, reported the analytics of EastFruit agency. The volume of shipments has grown by 9% comparing to 2019, and amounted to $12.2 million. The basic commodities are walnut (+19% comparing to 2019), frozen wild blueberry and frozen raspberry.
The second largest importer is now Poland; it has increased by 12% its import from Ukraine, mostly with frozen raspberry and walnut. Another top-three leader is Germany; it imported walnut, frozen wild berries, dry fruit, frozen raspberry and strawberry valued $6.7 million.
Turkey used to be the second large trade partner of Ukraine, mainly for the supplies of walnut, but it decreased its import in 2020.
Mexican avocado production for 2020/21 (July/June) is forecast at 2.41 million tons, up slightly from last campaign, due to continued expansion and excellent growing conditions, according to FAS data. Hass is the main variety (97%), followed by Criollo and Fuerte.
Mexican exports are forecast at 1.35 million tons, up 6% from 2019/20, driven by increased demand in the US. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic and challenges, avocado demand in the US remains strong and is forecast to increase 6% to 1.02 million tons. According to APEAM, the state of Michoacán alone exported 139,954 tons to other countries, including Dubai and the UAE. This represents a fall of 6% from the previous campaign, as is mainly due to the COVID-19 pandemic and increased transportation and logistics prices.
Australia’s 2020/21 stone fruit crop is projected to recover from a challenging 2019/20 season. Cherry production is predicted to increase by 14%, and peaches and nectarines by 4%, according to FAS USDA data. However, disruptions to international air freight caused by the COVID-19 pandemic are expected to have a significant impact on MY 2020/21 exports of stone fruits. To support the sector, the Australian government has created an International Freight Assistance Mechanism (IFAM) programme to help exporters secure air freight and sustain increased shipping costs. However, even with government support, freight costs for exporters are still more than double the levels pre-COVID. As a result, exports of higher-valued fruit such as cherries are expected to be less impacted than lower-valued fruit such as peaches and nectarines. Exports of peaches and nectarines are forecast to decline by 17% in 2020/21, with peach exports the most hit as they tend to be shipped more frequently by than nectarines due to their softer flesh. By contrast, cherry exports are forecast to increase by 12% due to the larger expected crop and the high value of the product. The combination of larger expected crops and logistical obstacles to export are anticipated to cause domestic consumption of stone fruit to rise.
With the Turkish cherry season drawing to a close, the country has successfully shipped its first cherries to South Korea. Exporter Ana Fruit reported the successful arrival of its first commercial batch of cherries to South Korea on the shelves of Lotte Mart and other major retailers.
Speaking to Fruitnet, Ana Fruit’s marketing and sales manager, Yahya Erdogan, said, “We processed our first commercial shipment on 25 July after a sample shipment on 18 July. The fruit is now selling on retail shelves in Korea and the arrival of Turkish cherries has attracted coverage from local media. The key challenge we faced supplying Korea this year was delays with bringing Korean inspectors over to Turkey due to Covid-19. We’ve only been able to start shipping in the last weeks of the season due to uncertainty over when the inspectors could get here. We airfreight our cherries directly to Seoul but we also faced some capacity constraints following the decrease in services because of the pandemic.”
Turkish cherries will be competing alongside US cherries. However, with US shipments dropping in 2019, South Korea’s cherry imports fell 22% in 2019/20, totalling 14,873 tons, according to ITC Trademap data. The main variety of Turkish cherry that is exported is the Ziraat 0900, also known as Turkish Napoleon, which meets the global demand for good firmness and texture.
Turkey is the world’s third largest cherry exporter after Chile and the US. In the 2019/20 campaign, the country shipped 80,543 tons worth US$182 million. Currently, most of the country’s cherries are exported to Russia, Europe and Iraq. Asia received around 2,500 tons in 2019/20, with China, Hong Kong and Singapore the major markets.
Although Argentina’s 2019/20 fresh apple and pear productions are projected to decrease to 480,000 tons and 550,000 tons respectively, the lower fruit supply in the Northern Hemisphere is set to boost exports during this campaign, according to USDA data. Apple exports are forecast at 100,000 tons and pear exports are projected to reach 300,000 tons.
Argentine apple and pear exports are primarily destined to overseas markets in the Northern Hemisphere (mainly Russia, the EU, and the US) in the first half of the year, while later in the year, exports are oriented toward Mercosur countries (mainly Brazil) and other Latin American markets. The United States is a relatively stable market for Argentine apples and pears, especially for organic products. For 2018/19, exports totalled 111,000 tons (+15.9%) for apples and pear exports reached 310,000 tons (-3.2%) (Source: USDA).
The main apple varieties in production are Red Delicious (64%), Granny Smith (14%), Gala (13%), Cripps Pink/Pink Lady (6%) and others (3%). The main pear varieties are Packham’s Triumph (41%), D’Anjou (24%), Williams (16%), Abate Fetel (6%), Bosc (5%), and others (8%). (Source: Top Info Marketing S.A.)
South Africa’s 2019/20 apple crop is projected to climb 5% to 942,200 tons (source: USDA). This growth is due to the increase in planted are, yields and available irrigation water. The impact of COVID-19 on this year’s crop is expected to be minimal as South Africa has already harvested most of its fruit and full operations continued during the national lock-down.
Despite the larger crop, exports are expected to decrease by 2% to 480,000 tons. This is mainly due to the impact of COVID-19, which has resulted in depressed demand in global markets, interruptions in the supply chain, with bottlenecks or closures at some ports, limited availability of containers, constrained shipping capacity and the slow pace of exports to date.
The United Kingdom is the largest single country market for South African apple exports accounting for 13% of the total in 2019, followed by Nigeria (9%), Malaysia (8%), Bangladesh (8%), Zambia (7%), Kenya (4%) and Senegal (4%). Africa is the largest regional market, accounting for 46% of total South African apple exports in 2018/19, followed by Asia (25%), and the EU (19%).
South Africa has a free trade agreement with the EU. The impact of Brexit on South African apple exports is expected to be minimal as South Africa continues to undertake extensive marketing of its apples in the United Kingdom, and the two governments are in the process of finalising trade arrangements post-Brexit.