Andalusia’s farming organisation, the UPA, is demanding a stronger CAP to defend family farming in the face of the new challenges facing the sector, such as Brexit. The UPA has called for an aid system that favours the transfer of holdings between older producers and new farmers and one that encourages young people and women to play a key role in rural development. Specifically, the UPA has suggested establishing aid ceilings much lower than those applied in the current CAP, in order to avoid unfair distribution of aid and at the same time obtain funds for other priority measures. Also, priority should be given to the first hectares, so that a 30% budget is distributed among small and medium farmers and ranchers. The association believes that if these conditions are met, it will lead to simpler and more stable standards over time that will allow greater competitiveness, more effective management, and a better understanding by society of the agricultural sector.
The European Union fruit and vegetable regime needs to be reviewed to ensure support for producer organisations, the European Commission has said in a report to the European Parliament and Council.
This is needed in order to achieve in all Member States the objectives of the EU farm policies set under the 2007 and 2020 reforms.
Since the 1996 reform, producer organisations (POs) have been the cornerstone of the EU regime for the fruit and vegetables (F&V) sector.
“The EU average of degree of European production within Producers’ Organisations has slightly improved +1,2% and reached 48,4%, but it is still far below the objectives established in 2007 of more than 70%.
Only a limited number of F&V producers are members of a PO. “Thus, most producers are excluded from the direct benefits of the EU regime for the F&V sector,” the Commission said in its report.”
“Moreover, despite progress made at the national level, in some Member States there are still significant regional imbalances in the degree of organisation of F&V producers. An example of that is Italy, where the relatively high national organisation rate (about 47%) is the result of the high organisation rate of some northern regions and the low organisation of several other regions.”
Later in the report, the commission said the “persistently low degree or lack of organisation in some MSs” is a crucial issue needing careful analysis with a view to identifying, where appropriate, additional measures to encourage not only a further rise in the degree of organisation of producers in the whole EU but also a decrease of the imbalance of F&V producers’ organisation within the EU.
“A low degree or lack of organisation also means that most F&V producers do not belong to a PO, so they do not directly benefit from specific EU aid for the sector,” it said.
“Those producers, frequently the smallest, cannot even benefit from the services that POs could provide, have very weak bargaining power within the supply chain and are more exposed to the risks linked to market globalisation and climate change.”
Increasing the rate of organisation of the F&V sector remains crucial especially in Member States where the organisation is still very low. In this respect, there is also the need to explore measures to stimulate forms of cooperation to help PO’s and non-organised producers to better deal with those challenges.
To address such shortcomings, the current EU F&V regime needs to be reviewed and the Commission could build upon the results of the report and upcoming debate to later present legislative proposals “to revise the Union aid scheme for the fruit and vegetables sector.”
Read the report here.
Follow progress here.