Argentina’s citrus sector have met members of the country’s government at the Citizcola Competitiveness Roundtable to discuss competitiveness and ways to open new markets. The Phytosanitary Association of the Argentine Northwest (Afinoa) signed agreements with the National Fund of Agriculture (Fondagro) and the National Service of Health and Agri-Food Quality (Senasa).
Argentina’s citrus industry aims to increase competitiveness
Go Citrus aims to combat mandarin fraud
The first mandarin sales between farmers and businesses indicate that prices are somewhat lower than last year. In recent times, there has been an increase in cases of fraud and varietal piracy, which has led several large companies to develop a tool to identify the different varieties with precision using molecular markers. The project, called Go Citrus, includes the participation of the Professional Association of Fruit Exporters (Asociex), Anecoop and Eurosemillas, Cañamás Hermanos, Martinavarro, Génesis Innovation Group and the Institut Valencià d'Investigacions Agràries.
Spanish citrus exports hold up despite lower production
Despite 7% lower production (6.7 million tons), Spanish citrus exports only contracted by 2.4% (to 3.6 million tons) in 2017/18, according to the Citrus Management Committee (CGC). The CGC attributed the abnormally low production of the 2017/18 season to the “natural alternation of the crop” and “the weather conditions in Valencia”. However, the prospects for the 2018/19 season are for a return to "a normal volume of production."
Egyptian citrus sector reaps the benefits of large-scale public investments
Egypt has invested heavily in its citrus sector over the past decade, with improved road and port infrastructure that allow large movements of fresh produce by sea. Costly irrigation networks have been built, along with some of the world’s largest desalination plants, with others in the pipeline. All of this has allowed citrus farming to make great strides. Whereas twelve years ago 32,000 hectares were grown, the country now has 122,000 hectares of freshly planted citrus groves.
Fall in value of Chile’s lemon exports
Despite improving prices in the US market in recent weeks, the value of Chilean lemon exports in the first half of 2018 was significantly lower than the previous year. Figures from the Office of Agricultural Studies and Policies of Chile (Odepa) show that from January to June export volumes of Chilean lemons were 13% lower in 2017 (17,200 tons), while the total FOB value of the period was US$20.9 million, that is, 36% less. This equates to an average value per kilo during this year of US$1.2, in contrast with last year’s US$1.7.
Andalusian citrus prices fall under pressure from Egyptian product
Spain’s agricultural ministry reports a good crop for Andalusia’s 2017/18 citrus campaign, while flowering and fruit set in spring has been acceptable. The first part of the campaign was marked by a lack of calibre in the fruit as a result of a dry summer, which resulted in lower supplies from certain production areas. The second part of the campaign featured storms and intense winds during March in much of Andalusia, resulting in lost production of later varieties, with ripe fruit falling to the ground or being weakened by humidity.
EU orange prices 16% above average
Adverse weather conditions in the US, Brazil and the EU has led to fresh orange consumption in 2017/18 falling by about 7.5% than the previous year, according to a USDA report. Prices are expected to be high. Indeed, EU producing Member States have recorded monthly prices well above average since the beginning of the marketing year.
Record exports of Brazil’s orange juice
Brazil closed the 2017/18 orange harvest with a 29% increase fruit juice exports, thanks largely to the internal problems in the US market, thus setting a new record. According to data from Secex (International Commerce Secretariat), Brazil exported a total of 1.15 million tons of orange juice concentrate compared to 894.6 thousand tons from the previous harvest. The South American giant’s growing season for oranges is from July of one year until June of the next.
Global orange production falls 6 million tons in 2017/18 due to problems in US and Brazil
Global orange production for 2017/18 is forecast to fall 6 million tons from the previous year to 47.8 million as unfavourable weather leads to smaller crops in Brazil and the US. Similarly, fruit for processing is expected to fall, with orange juice production forecast down nearly 25% to 1.6 million tons due to the lower production in Brazil and the United States. Fresh exports are relatively unchanged.
Spain records falls in output of all citrus except grapefruit
The latest estimates of crop production for Spain’s 2017-18 campaign indicates declines in almost all crops from the previous campaign. The season was nevertheless considered to be quite a good one. The greatest drop was in satsuma (-26.9%), followed by clementine (-17.6%), orange (-7.8%), lemon (-6.8%) and mandarin hybrids (-3%). The group of tangerines, in general, fell by 14.8. The only rise was in grapefruit production (+6.5%).